The world is evolving with new technologies that demand dedicated skills. Most small and big businesses work within a network and need expertise in cybersecurity and ethical hacking to protect their essential and confidential information.
As stated by the Data Security Council of India (DSCI), the global cybersecurity services market is expected to be about $116 billion by 2025. This will open up new job opportunities in ethical hacking, making now the best time to become an expert in this field.
If you want to become an ethical hacker, this article will help you understand what an ethical hacker does and the prerequisites to learn ethical hacking.
What Is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical hacking focuses on authorized attempts to gain unauthorized access to systems and find vulnerabilities. Ethical hacking is done with the legal permission of a company to test and increase the security of its systems and networks.
Who Is an Ethical Hacker?
Ethical hackers are also known as “white hat hackers.” They use their skills to improve the security of networks, systems, and applications, utilizing different methods to exploit computer systems and discover vulnerabilities. Ethical hackers should have a deep knowledge of information security, utilize their skills to identify vulnerabilities and plan security measures to secure the organization’s assets.
Why Are Ethical Hackers in Demand?
The world is changing — technology is growing, organizations are expanding, and malicious attacks are increasing. 69% of people will use the internet by 2025.
However, there is still a lack of professional ethical hackers who can think critically and have problem-solving skills. Governments and organizations need experts who are familiar with ethical hacking methods to secure networks and data, along with excellent hacking skills and legal acumen. An ethical hacker should have the ability to resolve issues before it becomes a danger, try every possible way to resolve problems, and provide the best security practices.
Role of an Ethical Hacker
An ethical hacker accesses computer system and finds out the weaknesses of systems. His or her job is to legally break into an organization’s systems, networks, or applications and find out its vulnerabilities, checking all the possible ways to protect assets from intruders and hackers.
There is a myth about ethical hackers which states that their only role is to do penetration testing when they in fact do more than that. They do multiple penetration tests on systems, and they also try to identify security flaws. They provide suggestions for new security updates. They use different strategies like sniffing networks and breaking encryptions.
Furthermore, ethical hackers gather the information that will help them when breaking into the system. They scan the system’s vulnerabilities and try to get data like IP addresses and user accounts.
After gathering the required information, ethical hackers try to gain access to systems, through which they can help organizations tackle attacks and help them upgrade their system and data security.
Required Prerequisite Knowledge
To become an ethical hacker, you need to have the following prerequisites:
- Given that there is a difference between a hacker and an ethical hacker, you should understand what is ethically right and what is ethically wrong. Basic knowledge of networking is also a must.
- You should have good programming skills (HTML, JSP, Java, Python) and be able to resolve problems related to asset security.
- You must have a deep understanding of operating systems, firewalls, and file systems.
- You must possess knowledge about databases and their operations.
- You must have a lifelong learning mindset to keep pace with new technology and apply new skills in real-time.
- Knowledge of growing technologies like Artificial Intelligence (AI) and the Internet of Things (IoT) is required because you might have to work with them to tackle future problems.
How to Learn Ethical Hacking
Ethical hacking is a vast subject, and with various new discoveries, different methods and subcategories have emerged in the path to becoming an ethical hacker. You can learn ethical hacking by reading books that contain all the terms, techniques, and methodologies you need to know, such as Hacking: A Beginners’ Guide to Computer Hacking, Basic Security, Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing by John Slavio or The Basics of Hacking and Penetration Testing: Ethical Hacking and Penetration Testing Made Easy by Patrick Engebretson.
Another way is to learn it online. There are many online courses and websites where you can learn ethical hacking. It is important to ensure that the source of the online course is completely legal and accepted by the public as well as the government sector. Certification courses enable you to learn ethical hacking as well as get a certification to verify the skills you’ve learned. It does not matter which stream you have done your bachelor’s degree in, but you must have the necessary prerequisite knowledge.
Career Opportunities in Ethical Hacking
Once you become a Certified Ethical Hacker, you will have different job opportunities for different job roles. Some common job roles after becoming a Certified Ethical Hacker are as follows:
- Security Analyst
- IT Security Administrator
- Cyber Defense Analyst
- System Security Administrator
- Information Security Manager
- Cybersecurity Consultant
- Security Compliance Analyst
- Solution Architect
Get Certified as an Ethical Hacker
EC-Council’s Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) certification will teach you the latest tools and technologies used by hackers and information security experts. You will become an expert in the five phases of ethical hacking and understand how to improve your skills to become an ethical hacker. Concepts such as APT, webhooks, cloud attacks, Al, ML, and much more are covered. It will also help you conduct a modern malware analysis.
Become a Certified Ethical Hacker now!