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What Is a SOC and How Does a Successful SOC Work?

The primary function of a Security Operations Center (SOC) is to prevent, detect, monitor, investigate, and respond to various cyber threats. The SOC environment in an organization is staffed with security analysts, managers, and engineers who are responsible for overseeing the security operations. The SOC team works closely with the incident response team to make sure that all security loopholes and issues are addressed as soon as possible upon discovery.

In this article, we will discuss why a SOC is essential today, how it works, the different roles in a SOC, and the benefits of having a SOC.

Why Are SOCs Essential Today?

Cyberattacks are becoming more sophisticated with each passing day. As a result, organizations and businesses are increasingly exposed to different types of threats. Therefore, a SOC has become an essential part of the data protection plan for the organization as it helps in reducing the level of exposure of a business’ information systems to both internal and external risks.

Having an equipped SOC environment at your organization is necessary to deal with the following:

  1. Proactive detection of the malicious system and network activity.
  2. Threat awareness for adjusting security defenses before the attack hits your organization.
  3. Vulnerability management to understand which factors are vulnerable in your network.
  4. Log management to offer you the ability to complete forensics if an incident does take place at your organization.

How Does a SOC Work?

The SOC team monitors security data that is generated throughout the IT infrastructure of the organization. This includes everything from host systems and applications to security and network devices. The SOC team works together to analyze, detect, respond, and prevent cybersecurity incidents. Some of the other SOC responsibilities include advanced cryptanalysis, forensic analysis, and malware reverse engineering to analyze incidents.

Different Roles in a SOC

The SOC framework of the security operations of your organization comes from both the tools you use and the individuals who make up the SOC team. The following are the different roles in a SOC:

  1. Manager

The manager leads the SOC team and can step into any role required. He/she is responsible for overseeing the overall security procedures and systems.

  1. Analyst

The SOC Analyst is responsible for compiling and analyzing the data either for a specific period or from the occurrence of the breach.

  1. Investigator

After the breach has taken place at the organization, the role of the SOC investigator is to determine what happened and why. The investigator is also expected to work closely with the responder.

  1. Responder

A responder is expected to perform several different tasks concerning a security breach. An individual who is familiar with such requirements is a great asset during a data breach.

  1. Auditor

The SOC Auditor is responsible for dealing with the compliance part of the security breach. He/she ensures that the organization can meet its compliance requirements.

Benefits of a SOC

The following are the different benefits associated with having a Security Operations Center:

  1. Improved Threat Management

One of the major benefits of a SOC is an improved threat management ability. Organizations deploy a range of security technologies that are specifically designed to detect and prevent threats. Along with these tools, a SOC provides the organization with resources to analyze and respond to suspicious activities and incidents, resulting in better threat management.

  1. Maintenance of Regulatory Compliance

A SOC team also allows you to meet regulatory requirements which need vulnerability management, security monitoring, and incident response function.

  1. Centralization of security functions

Centralizing all security functions in a SOC can offer cost-saving benefits and ultimately create economies of scale while maximizing the skills, resources, and expertise available.

Become a Certified SOC Analyst

EC-Council’s Certified SOC Analyst program is the first step to joining a Security Operations Center or creating one within an organization through in-house training. It is engineered for current and aspiring Tier I and Tier II SOC analysts. Under this program, aspirants will learn how to manage various SOC processes and how to collaborate with different departments, gaining the vital SOC skills they need to kick-start their career as a SOC Analyst.


What is SOC Service?
SOC-as-a-service is a software-based service that monitors and manages your logs, clouds, networks, devices, and assets for the IT team. SOC services provide an organization with the necessary skills and knowledge to combat security threats.
What does SOC analyst mean?
A SOC analyst is a cybersecurity professional who performs different SOC responsibilities for the SOC team. His/her responsibilities include monitoring network activities and protecting the organization from possible cybersecurity threats.

Over 40,000 SOC jobs remain unfilled!

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