What Do You Need for a Career in Cybersecurity?

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Do you cherish going to work daily? If not, do you want to? Choosing the right job gives you satisfaction and security. It affects every facet of your life, including your motivation. When you know that your job is secure, your efforts will lead to higher success in your career; then you will be inspired to give your best.

While exploring various career options for job security, better growth prospects, and recognizable pay, it is crucial that you are aware of the cybersecurity industry and its opportunities. The U.S. Department of Labor predicted that employment opportunities for one of the leading job roles, Information Security Analysts would witness a whopping increase of 28% between 2016 and 2026, which is more than the average Bureau of Labor Stats [1]. Cybersecurity Ventures has also predicted 3.5 million unfilled cybersecurity jobs by 2021 [2]. These stats will serve real motivation to you while preparing your journey to a successful career.

Cybersecurity is a part of the IT industry, but a candidate does not have to be technically proficient or from a specific technical background to enter the industry. There are many technology-centric jobs in cybersecurity and also tasks that require a non-technical background with excellent analytical, leadership, and communication skills.

Technical Skills

There are specific technical job roles in cybersecurity that require that the candidate possesses a particular skill set.

Technical Skills Application
The fundamentals of IT, such as web application administration, system administration, and so on. This basic IT knowledge is required for all types of job roles.
Knowledge of network administration and operating systems Expertise in system and network administration will help to get various cybersecurity roles.
Coding skills—C, C++, Java, Python, PHP, and so on Coding skills are specific to a few technical job roles, such as application security engineer, ethical hacker, and so on. For others, it is not a mandate.
Knowledge of database Not mandatory for all the job roles. You must be proficient in database if you want to get an IT-related job role in cybersecurity.

Soft Skills

Soft or non-technical skills define the personal attributes of any individual looking to explore a career in cybersecurity. These soft skills are mandatory for every cyber expert as they are expected to be dynamic and influential leaders.

Soft Skills Application
Analytical skills This is a must skill for every cybersecurity expert as they should be proficient in analyzing things from all aspects.
Leadership If you are willing to grow in the cybersecurity industry, leadership skills must be developed. You should be able to lead the team and implement security standards at all levels in the organization.
Communication A cybersecurity staff member has to communicate with everyone in the organization for various security reasons. Hence, this skill is a must.
Passionate about continuous learning Cybersecurity is not a one-time go. You need to continuously learn and acquire new skills to keep yourself updated in the industry.
Writing ability Many cybersecurity roles demand report writing, where you have to describe the incident, assessments performed, suggestions for improvement, and so on. With good writing skills, you can create efficiency in work.
Determination Many job roles in cybersecurity test one’s patience as they need to be performed with attention, and within a time limit. Determination is the key skill to succeed.
Collaborative and approachable Cybersecurity professional should be collaborative, supportive, and quickly approachable to everyone for any security-related query.

Cybersecurity Job Outlook

The job outlook in cybersecurity, as confirmed by BLS, is faster than the average for information security analysts, which is four times the average [1]. Given the massive need for cybersecurity talent in the constantly growing sophisticated cyberattacks, Michelle Moore, Ph.D., Academic Director at San Diego, commented that “the job market for cybersecurity professionals is extremely promising, probably more so than any other industry right now” [3].

Employers in Japan and Mexico are most concerned about not meeting the demand for cybersecurity professionals in the future, McAfee report. Also, despite so much skill gap, people are still not coming forward to fill these critical roles. “In the USA, there is an estimated shortage of 350,000 cybersecurity positions [4] and the scarcity creates a high demand for skilled personnel,” Nadir Izrael, Co-founder and CTO at Armis Security, San Francisco. Casey Ellis, founder, and CTO at Bugcrowd also commented that “there simply aren’t enough cybersecurity professionals to go around” [4].

If you are craving for a career where you want to create an impact and gain recognition for your contribution, then cybersecurity would certainly fit the bill.

How to Get into Cybersecurity

So, are you mulling over a shift in your career or just looking for a transition from your existing industry? Before you decide, you must ask the following questions to yourself, which will help you in proceeding with learning cybersecurity:

  • What skills do I bring to cybersecurity?
  • Based on my skills, what other certifications shall I acquire?
  • Do I need to acquire any technical education also?
  • What sort of opportunities does my certification bring?
  • What is the validity and credibility of the certification that I am planning to acquire?

Yes, this is true that you don’t need to be an expert in cybersecurity when you are at the initial stages. You should acquire the proper skills and knowledge required for the position.

EC-Council offers distinct cybersecurity programs those care vendor-neutral certifications. The various certifications specialize in different cybersecurity streams, and your selection should be based on the one that you want to be an expert. Here, we are listing few significant job roles with their titles and the EC-Council certification that makes you eligible to fit for that role.

Job Title Important Job Role EC-Council Certification
Network Security Engineer Managing security of the organization’s network, from firewalls to routers to VPNs. Ensuring security of network and systems, end points, and devices attached to the network. Certified Network Defender (C|ND)
Security Generalist Responsible for taking care of overall security norms in the organization. Certified Secure Computer User (CSCU)
Application Security Engineer Specialized in security coding and protecting applications from threats. Certified Application Security Engineer (C|ASE)
Ethical Hacker Responsible for defending, hacking, and performing counterattacks. Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH Master)
Penetration Tester Assessment of vulnerabilities, performing penetration testing, reporting the vulnerabilities, and suggesting on fixing the issues. EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA) and EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (Practical)
Cyber Forensic Analyst Collecting, analyzing, reporting, and storing the evidence that will help in understanding the attack and during containment. Certified Hacking and Forensic Investigator (C|HFI)
Incident Handler Respond and handle the breach, address the threats, and reduce the damage. EC-Council Certified Incident Handler (E|CIH)
Cyber Threat Intelligence Analyst Analyze and mitigate different types of internal and external threads. Certified Threat Intelligence Analyst (C|TIA)
Chief Information Security Officer Lead a security team, define budgeting, frames security policies, manages security issues, and so on. Certified Chief Information Security Officer
Visit the programs page for more cybersecurity certifications.


  1. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/computer-and-information-technology/information-security-analysts.htm
  2. https://www.csoonline.com/article/3200024/cybersecurity-labor-crunch-to-hit-35-million-unfilled-jobs-by-2021.html?nsdr=true
  3. https://onlinedegrees.sandiego.edu/programs/master-of-science-in-cyber-security-operations-and-leadership/
  4. https://learntocodewith.me/posts/cybersecurity/
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