Detecting incident security events as soon as they occur is one of the most important aspects of network security for most organizations. Having said that, no organization can coordinate defenses and take down a threat without having a full-spectrum view of all the cyber activities on its network.
Fortunately, your organization can implement incident security management plans to handle different types of security events. By detecting potential incidents through an incident security management plan, you can ensure that your business operations are running as usual. In this article, we will discuss incident security management, different types of incident security, and how you can mitigate these incidents.
What Is Incident Security Management?
Incident security management deals with identifying, managing, recording, and analyzing security threats in real time, thus offering an organization with a robust and comprehensive view of any security issues arising within the IT infrastructure.
The cybersecurity incident management risk generally begins with an alert that the incident has occurred, prompting the organization to deploy its incident response plan to investigate and analyze the incident to determine the scope, assess damages, and develop a plan for mitigating the risk.
Once the incident response methodology is in place, the incident security management plan helps in guiding the incident response team to detect different security incidents and provide a response to deal with the problems.
Types of Incident Security
Several incident security types can result in an intrusion on the organizational network. The following list shines a light on a few and explains how you can mitigate them.
- Unauthorized attempts to access data or a system
In this type of incident security, the attacker tries to gain unauthorized access to a specific system or organizational data. To prevent this from happening, you can implement two-factor authentication. This usually requires users to provide a second piece of information along with the password. You can also encrypt sensitive data so attackers won’t be able to access confidential information.
- Insider Threats
An insider threat is another type of incident security that the security incident response team has to deal with. It is a malicious threat to the organizational data or system from employees, former employees, contractors, or temporary workers.
To prevent and detect such insider threats at an early stage, the incident response plan must include the implementation of antivirus programs, scanning programs, firewalls, and rigorous data backup. In addition to this, incident security training should also be provided to employees to create awareness among them before they are allowed to access the organizational network. This will reduce the risk of data breaches considerably from an organizational point of view.
- Phishing Attacks
In a phishing attack, malicious actors masquerade as a reputable entity in an email or other communication channels. They distribute malicious links and attachments to infect systems & files and gain access to the login credentials of the victim. If you are looking for protection against phishing attacks, you must start by educating employees regarding such security incidents. Again, organizations must provide employees with incident security training to ensure such attacks do not take place within the organization.
- Man-in-the-Middle Attack
In this type of incident security, the attacker tries to secretly intercept and alter the messages between two parties who under the assumption that they are directly communicating with each other. The attacker manipulates both parties to get access to the data.
While such incident security events are hard to detect and prevent, organizations can implement an encryption protocol that offers authentication, data integrity, and privacy between two communicating computer applications. In addition to this, organizations should also educate their employees and make them aware of such security incidents.
Become an Incident Security Expert with ECIH Certification
Now that you’re up to speed on the importance of incident security, it’s time to train yourself or your employees in its intricacies. EC-Council’s Certified Incident Handler (ECIH) program is a comprehensive specialist-level program that imparts knowledge and skills that organizations need to effectively handle post-breach consequences by reducing the impact of the incident, from both a financial and a reputational perspective.