As per SOC history, the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) introduced the security operations center framework for organizations to help combat cyber threats by using technical controls like SIEM, human elements, and processes. Join us as we explore this slice of history and how it will make a difference in your cybersecurity strategy.
What Is a SOC Framework?
In a digitalized world, having a Security Operations Center (SOC) is a must for every business organization’s cybersecurity. For a effective SOC, you must design a document that is as per the guidelines and specifications of the security operations center framework, as this will help you support cybersecurity operations effectively.
Let’s talk about the main objective of a SOC. It often serves as the savior of an organization, saving the system from future cyberattacks and providing timely information about threat detection. To make SOCs work smoothly in your organization, it is mandatory to follow the SOC framework.
Differences Between SIEM and SOC
SIEM and SOC are two sides of the same coin; both are important for cybersecurity but have some major differences.
SIEM refers to Security Incident Event Management. It is an innovative system that gathers and analyzes the cumulative log data. SOC refers to the Security Operations Center and is a hub of human resources, processes, and innovative technology that is created to deal with those security events that are picked up via SIEM log analysis. The SOC team can analyze SIEM systems via SOC training.
Both SIEM and SOC complement each other. Typically, you will find SIEM technology if there is a SOC in an organization. SIEM helps cyber incident response teams, which are almost identical to SOCs. It is also more capable in varied areas like intelligence, deeper incident response, and information sharing.
If a SOC is a shop, an analyst would work with the tills, which is the SIEM.
The Role of SOC and Incident Escalation
In simple words, the role of a SOC analyst is to safeguard the IT infrastructure and its data and to monitor the security aspects of the IT system. The SOC environment may sometimes cause SOC experts to face issues with the other parts of IT, and they must handle such issues with their SOC knowledge and experience.
Security incident response
The main reactive job is security incident response. The SOC analyst will detect the cyber threat and respond to the security threats on time.
Security information and event management
SIEM gets the knowledge via ITSM and applies the information in a security-related area. Other information domains are related to threat intelligence, security knowledge, security information, and item details.
Information risk management
Information risk management is the topmost responsibility of SOC analysts. They are held accountable for quantifying the information security risk and try to control the risk.
If a SOC is held accountable for information risk management, they are also responsible for information assurance. Information systems tend to safeguard the information that they carry, where they carry it, how they function, and much more.
NIST Cybersecurity and Incident Escalation Framework
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is an agency operated by the United States Department of Commerce, which has the authority to build the standards and recommendations for varied IT sectors. Within NIST, the Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) plays an important role, developing an influential model for crucial incident response.
NIST proffers three different models for incident response:
- Central: The work of the central model is to handle incident responses for the whole organization.
- Distributed: There are multiple incident response teams in the distributed model; everyone is accountable for handling physical locations and departments.
- Coordinated: The central incident response team work as a cohesive unit with distributed incident responses, taking decisions together.
If you want to start your SOC career, you have to understand NIST concepts.
Upskill and Join the Industry
SOC is the perfect platform to secure your workplace from cyber threats and attacks. If you are looking to upskill and join this industry, we recommend our Certified SOC analyst training and certification program. For more information, visit https://www.eccouncil.org/programs/certified-soc-analyst-csa/