vulnerability assessment

How to Write a Vulnerability Assessment Report

vulnerability assessmentCybersecurity is an ever-expanding industry with specialized domains. At times, it challenges seasoned security professionals while identifying vulnerabilities. The report carries information on the network, system, and application vulnerabilities. If one is not into penetration testing, then it gets tough to decode a vulnerability assessment report.

The vulnerability scanning and assessment report guides security professionals on how to address security issues. A vulnerability scan works in two phases – scanning and reporting. Regardless of the type of vulnerability reports, it demands immediate action.

All about a vulnerability scanning report 

A vulnerability assessment report offers detailed information on existing vulnerabilities. With the help of this report, companies can assess their security posture and find appropriate solutions to eliminate the vulnerabilities.


7 Critical Elements of a Vulnerability Assessment Report 

Every vulnerability scanning and assessment report should cover the following elements

Element Description
Scan Information It carries information like the name of the scanning tool, its version, and the network ports to be scanned.
Target Information


Under this section, the report carries details on the targeted system – its name and address.
Results This is the part where a reader would find the complete scanning report.


This sub-section of ‘Results’ comes with the detailed information of all the involved hosts, which includes –

  • This element contains the name and address of the host.
  • This will give the details of the operating system and its type.
  • It will show the date of the test.


The subtopic covers the names and ports of the network services.


With this element, the system administrator can find out the additional details about scanning, like the origin of the scan.
Assessment The part covers the information on the scanner’s vulnerability assessment.

With complex underlying concepts, the report needs to be basic in nature. It should be understandable to technical as well as non-technical stakeholders. Every modern company needs a skilled, ethical hacker who can identify the vulnerabilities, offer valuable solutions, and write a detailed vulnerability assessment report. EC-Council Ethical Hacker (C|EH) is a well-acclaimed training and credentialing program that helps its attendees to grasp the fundamentals of ethical hacking and create a comprehensive report. Start your training today!


How do you perform a vulnerability assessment?
Security professionals use various automated and manual tools to perform a vulnerability assessment.

Read more: Why, When, and How Often Should You Conduct a Penetration Test

Why do we do vulnerability assessments?
Organizations conduct vulnerability assessment to identify vulnerabilities in a security infrastructure. With the help of this assessment, companies can find out their security posture and take measures to eliminate them.

Read more: 5 Reasons Why Penetration Testing is Imperative for Your Organization

get certified from ec-council
Write for Us