Digital devices are present everywhere and considered to be the primary source of evidence in the case of cybercrime. Out of all the devices, phones and laptops are the top weapons used in cybercrimes. Regardless of who the device belonged to, either the victim or suspect, it offers an abundance of data to investigate the crime. But retrieving evidence from these devices in a secure environment can be very challenging. To overcome the time constraint and other complications, cyber forensic professionals use digital forensic tools.
Over the years, the process of evidence extraction has evolved. Earlier experts used to conduct live analysis, a process where data is gathered from the device in question. But with the increasing complexities of the system, the process appeared inefficient. Eventually, technologies were developed to extract evidence without damaging or modifying the data.
Digital information assets carry reliable pieces of evidence. They record all the activities of a suspect, present in cookies or network connections, or at various other locations. In short, they are the key to any cybercrime investigation.
This blog covers the most preferred and trustworthy digital forensic tools.
Top Digital Forensic Tools that every Cyber Forensic Expert relies on
Before we dive into the race of which tools make it to the list, consider the following factors to choose a forensic tool.
|Skill Level||As a few tools require advanced knowledge to operate them, consider your skill sets before choosing any software.|
|Output||The tools offer different outputs. Some tools provide raw data, while others give a comprehensive report.|
|Cost||Cost is the primary factor when choosing a tool. Try maintaining a balance between your budget and the features you are looking for.|
|Focus||Based on the requirement, the focus area of one tool differs from another. For instance, one is great for the database while another works excellently for the network.|
Here are the nine tools which will help you conduct a successful cyber forensic investigation. Whether it’s for an insider attack or during an investigation of unauthorized access to the server, these tools can simplify your work.
The Sleuth Kit
The Sleuth Kit (earlier known as TSK) is a collection of Unix- and Windows-based utilities that extract data out of computer systems. It is open–source software that analyzes disk images created by “dd” and recover data from them. With this software, professionals can gather data during incident response or from live systems. Professionals can integrate TSK with more extensive forensics tools.
Features of The Sleuth Kit
- It examines the raw and disk/file system images. It could also be Expert Witness (i.e., EnCase) and AFF file system.
- It supports several forms of file systems – ISO 9660, NTFS (New Technology File System), FAT (File Allocation Table), UFS (Unix File System), and many others.
- It generates the timeline of the file’s activities, which can later be converted into graphs or reports. The data can also be imported as a spreadsheet.
Check out the official website www.sleuthkit.org to download the tool.
This is a multi-purpose, free software from PassMark® Software Pty Ltd provides one of the fastest and fruitful ways to locate files on a Windows system. OSForensics offers a comprehensive searching way to uncover hidden data within computers and digital storage devices. It provides services like data acquisition, analysis, data imaging, image restoration, and many others.
Features of OSForensics
- It can find files faster, even by searching within files and recovering the deleted ones.
- It looks into the user activities, such as web browsing history, connected USB devices, and other network shares.
- It allows you to export an accessible and customizable report of the case.
- It can recover log-in credentials.
Visit the page: https://www.osforensics.com/download.html to download OSForensics.
Stay tuned for our next blog, where you will learn about three other significant tools – FTK Imager, Hex Editor Neo, and Bulk Extractor.
In today’s technology-driven world, digital forensic tools play a vital role in cyber forensics. Become a great cyber forensic expert by learning to use hundreds of tools. The Certified Hacking Forensic Investigator (C|HFI) is a hands-on training program that helps you build important technical skills meeting regulatory compliance standards such as ISO 27001, PCI, HIPAA, and others. This ANSI accredited program designed to increase your employability and knowledge as a cyber forensic investigator.